You are here: Home » What is Bioenergy?

In contrast to non-renewable energy (coal, oil, natural gas or radioactive energy), renewable energy is any energy that can replace itself. Most renewable energy comes from non-fossil energy sources, such as wind, solar, geothermal, wave, tidal, hydro and bio-energy.

Bioenergy is a key renewable energy resource. Derived from biomass (any organic material), it is either:

  • the direct product of photosynthesis – for example, plant matter – leaves, stems, etc. or
  • the indirect product of photosynthesis – for instance, animal mass resulting from the consumption of plant matter.

The types of biomass that are used to provide bioenergy include:

  • purpose-grown energy crops, including short rotation forestry, reed canary grass, etc.
  • recycled wood
  • waste streams, including residues from forestry and related industries
  • agricultural residues and agrifood effluents
  • manures
  • organic fraction of municipal solid waste
  • separated household waste and sewage sludge

To learn more about the types of biomass involved in the RASLRES project, please click on the links below:

Why are bioenergy fuels so important in the RASLRES partner regions?

Bioenergy fuels are vital to the RASLRES partner regions because:

  • The climatic conditions of these regions are suited to forestry growth, grasses, energy crops and they have plentiful marine resources because of extensive coastlines.
  • Agricultural traditions already in place in each region can be evolved to take advantage of bioenergy opportunities – for example, for growing crops that can be used in the bio-energy process.
  • Novel solutions to waste-management issues can be established by applying bioenergy technology.

In addition, the increased use of bioenergy resources in the NPP areas will contribute to renewable energy targets; climate change mitigation policies; waste policies; rural development by providing new markets and employment development opportunities for farming and forestry sectors as well as community enterprise.